Skip to main content

Simulation studies of dipole correlation in the isotropic liquid phase

Buy Article:

$68.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

The Kirkwood correlation factor g1 determines the preference for local parallel or antiparallel dipole association in the isotropic phase. Calamitic mesogens with longitudinal dipole moments and Kirkwood factors greater than 1 have an enhanced effective dipole moment along the molecular long axis. This leads to higher values of Δy in the nematic phase. This paper describes state-of-the-art molecular dynamics simulations of two calamitic mesogens 4-(trans-4-n-pentylcyclohexyl)benzonitrile (PCH5) and 4-(trans-4-n-pentylcyclohexyl)chlorobenzene (PCH5-Cl) in the isotropic liquid phase using an all-atom force field and taking long range electrostatics into account using an Ewald summation. Using this methodology, PCH5 is seen to prefer antiparallel dipole alignment with a negative g1 and PCH5-Cl is seen to prefer parallel dipole alignment with a positive g1; this is in accordance with experimental dielectric measurements. Analysis of the molecular dynamics trajectories allows an assessment of why these molecules behave differently.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Chemistry, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK

Publication date: December 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content