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A vector field model to handle the displacement of multiple conflicts in building generalization

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In map generalization, the displacement operation attempts to resolve proximity conflicts to guarantee map legibility. Owing to the limited representation space, conflicts may occur between both the same and different features under different contexts. A successful displacement should settle multiple conflicts, suppress the generation of secondary conflicts after moving some objects, and preserve the distribution patterns. The effect of displacement can be understood as a force that pushes related objects away with properties of propagation and distance decay. This study borrows the idea of vector fields from physics discipline and establishes a vector field model to handle the displacement of multiple conflicts in building generalization. A scalar field is first constructed based on a Delaunay triangulation skeleton to partition the buildings being examined (e.g., a street block). Then, we build a vector field to conduct displacement measurements through the detection of conflicts from multiple sources. The direction and magnitude of the displacement force are computed based on an iso-line model of vector field. The experiment shows that this global method can settle multiple conflicts and preserve the spatial relations and important building patterns.
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Keywords: Delaunay triangulation; displacement; map generalization; vector field

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: School of Resource and Environment Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China

Publication date: August 3, 2015

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