Incorporating activity-travel time uncertainty and stochastic space–time prisms in multistate supernetworks for activity-travel scheduling
Multistate supernetwork approach has been advanced recently to study multimodal, multi-activity travel behavior. The approach allows simultaneously modeling multiple choice facets pertaining to activity-travel scheduling behavior, subject to space–time constraints, in the context of full daily activity-travel patterns. In that sense, multistate supernetworks offer an alternative to constraints-based time-geographic activity-based models. To date, most research on time-geographic models and supernetworks alike has represented time and space in a deterministic fashion. To enhance the validity and realism of the scheduling process and the underlying space–time decisions, this paper pioneers incorporating time uncertainty in multistate supernetworks for activity-travel scheduling. Solutions based on the concept of the [Inline formula]-shortest path are proposed to find the reliable activity-travel pattern with [Inline formula] confidence level. An algorithm combining label correcting and Monte-Carlo integration is proposed to finding the[Inline formula]-shortest paths in the presence of time window constraints. An example of a typical daily activity program is executed to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed extension.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Urban Planning Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Noord-Brabant, The Netherlands
Publication date: May 4, 2014