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Modelling of migration from multi-layers and functional barriers: Estimation of parameters

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Functional barriers form parts of multi-layer packaging materials, which are deemed to protect the food from migration of a broad range of contaminants, e.g. those associated with reused packaging. Often, neither the presence nor the identity of the contaminants is known, so that safety assessment of the materials has to rely on predictive tools. Several complementary freeware described here allow one to model diffusion in multi-layer films. These tools require the input of parameters that are not easy to determine or predict. Previous work has focused on the prediction of diffusion coefficients at storage temperatures of packaging in contact with food. However, many other kinetic and thermodynamic parameters are needed to describe transport properties during the processing of a material at high temperature and during its shelf-life. All parameters needed for the calculations are discussed. In order to propose default values, the approach consists of (1) reviewing the available literature data, (2) running experiments on polypropylene, polyethylene and poly(ethylene vinyl alcohol) in typical conditions (separately diffusion during processing and migration) and (3) simulating numerical sets for typical situations. Several freeware are proposed to simulate migration from multi-layers and functional barriers using the default parameters.
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Keywords: Food packaging; functional barrier; migration; modelling; recycling; safety assessment

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: INRA UMR FARE, Moulin de la Housse, F-51687 Reims, BP 1039, France 2: Packaging Research Group, Analytical Sciences Division, TNO-Nutrition and Food Research Institute, PO Box 360, NL-3700 AJ Zeist, The Netherlands

Publication date: October 1, 2006

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