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Assessment of dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls from a total diet study conducted in Pavia, Northern Italy

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The diet is considered to be the main source of body burden of polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) in the general population. The most cost-effective and reliable way to estimate the dietary intake is based on total diet studies (TDSs). The aim of the present study was to provide a reliable estimate of recent average dietary intakes of PCBs in Northern Italy. Congener-specific analysis of PCBs was undertaken on total diet samples collected at the cafeteria of the University of Pavia. The average daily intake for total PCBs was calculated to be 0.26µg/person day −1 . The major contributor to PCB intake was accounted for by pooled samples of bread, cereals and potatoes, followed by the protein composite, and fruit and vegetables. Although diverse dietary habits and differences in sampling and analytical procedures make comparison between different studies difficult, the daily intake of PCBs in Northern Italy can be located in the lower part of the range for values reported in the literature.
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Keywords: Northern Italy; Polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs); congeners; dietary intake; total diet study (TDS)

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory for Environmental and Toxicological Testing, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Via S. Maugeri 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy 2: Department of Applied Health Sciences, Section of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pavia, Via Bassi 21, I-27100 Pavia, Italy

Publication date: September 1, 2006

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