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Ochratoxin A in wine and grape juice sold in Canada

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Ochratoxin A (OTA) was determined in 251 samples of wines and grape juice collected over 3 years in Canada. In total, 25/84 samples of red wine, 22/96 samples of white wine, 3/46 red grape juices and 1/25 white grape juices contained OTA levels above the limit of quantitation (LOQ). Canadian wines, when compared with imported products, showed both a lower OTA occurrence, noted as positive (19 versus 48% above the limit of detection (LOD) for wines), and a lower level of OTA contamination (upper bound mean of 17.5 versus 163 pg ml −1 for wines). Wines from the USA contained no quantifiable levels of ochratoxin A. OTA was found in Canadian and US grape juice samples, with 12.9% above the LOD and an upper bound mean of 13.3 pg ml −1 . It was extracted from a wine or grape juice sample by passing it through an immunoaffinity column. The sample matrix was washed off the column with water. OTA was eluted from the column with methanol and quantitatively determined by liquid chromatography using a fluorescence detector. The presence of OTA was confirmed by esterification with boron trifluoride-methanol. The LOQ of OTA was estimated as 20 pg ml −1 in white wine ( S/N 10:1) and 40 pg ml −1 in red wine, white grape juice and red grape juice ( S/N 20:1). The LOD was estimated as 4 pg ml −1 for white wine and 8 pg ml −1 for red wine and white and red grape juices ( S/N 3:1).
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Keywords: grape juice; liquid chromatography; mycotoxin; ochratoxin A; wine

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2004

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