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Atmospheric pressure photo-ionization liquid chromatography/mass spectrometric determination of aflatoxins in food

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A comparison between electrospray ionization (ESI) and the recent introduced atmospheric pressure photo-ionization (APPI) technique is described for the liquid chromatography/mass spectrometric (LC/MS) determination of aflatoxin B1, B2, G1 and G2 in food. For the optimization of APPI, several APPI ion source parameters were examined. Furthermore, the chemical noise and signal suppression of ESI and APPI by sample matrix interference were investigated. The results indicated that APPI has the low chemical noise and the little signal suppression in comparison with ESI. The mean recovery of each aflatoxin from peanuts, corn, nutmeg and red pepper sample spiked at 1 ng g−1 ranged from 89 to 105% with relative standard deviations of 3.3-5.1%. The limit of detection (S/N = 3) in all food was in the range 0.11-0.5 ng g−1. From these studies, it is suggested that APPI can be used as an additional tool in food residue analysis.
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Keywords: APPI; ESI; LC/MS; aflatoxins; food

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Yokogawa Analytical Systems Inc 3-3-11 Niitaka Yodogawa-ku Osaka 532-0033 Japan 2: Kobe Institute of Health 4-6 Minatojima-nakamachi Chuo-ku Kobe 650-0046 Japan 3: Department of Applied Chemistry Graduate School of Engineering Osaka Prefecture University 1-1 gakuen-Chyo Sakai Osaka 599-8531 Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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