Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Cadmium intake of moose hunters in Finland from consumption of moose meat, liver and kidney

Buy Article:

$60.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Although the average cadmium intake in Finland is about 10 μg day−1, some risk groups can be identified. This study assessed cadmium intake from the consumption of moose meat, liver and kidneys by moose hunters. Consumption data from a postal questionnaire were combined with a representative database on moose cadmium concentrations. Cadmium intakes were calculated as point estimates for all respondents (n = 711), for those consuming moose meat, liver and/or kidneys, and for the highest decile of those. Probabilistic modelling using the Monte Carlo technique was used to simulate the distribution of dietary cadmium exposure. Of the respondents, 69% consumed moose liver and only 23% moose kidneys. The consumption of moose liver or kidneys significantly increased cadmium intake, whereas moose meat (median consumption 17 kg year−1 person−1) contributed only slightly (0.16 μg day−1 person−1) to the daily total cadmium intake. In the simulation, 10% of the moose hunters had an intake of > 8.76 μg day−1 (14.6% of PTWI for a 60-kg person) from moose. Point estimates provided only a partial understanding of the potential exposure. Simulated distributions of intake were more useful in characterizing exposure. The study revealed that heavy users of moose organs have a relatively narrow safety margin from the levels of cadmium probably causing adverse health effects.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: cadmium; consumption; dietary intake; kidneys; liver; meat; moose

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: National Veterinary and Food Research Institute Department of Risk Assessment Kuopio Finland 2: National Veterinary and Food Research Institute Department of Chemistry Kuopio Finland 3: Kuopio Department National Veterinary and Food Research Institute Kuopio Finland

Publication date: May 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more