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Contribution to the study of ochratoxin A in Spanish wines

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With the aim of assessing ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination in wines from a Spanish northern region and the influence of harvest conditions, the following samples were analysed: 40 wines (28 red and 12 white) obtained from grapes cultivated in three different places of the northern Spanish region of Navarra, but in different years, 20 samples in 1997 and 20 in 1998. Wine samples were provided by a viticultural experimental station with very consistent and controlled cultural and enological practices. A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with fluorescence detection and immunoaffinity columns was employed (LOD = 0.05 ng ml–1; method recovery = 101%). Eighty five per cent of the samples from 1997 showed OTA levels >0.05 ng ml–1 (range 0.056–0.316 ng ml–1) and 15% of the samples from 1998 showed OTA levels above the LOD (range 0.074–0.193 ng ml–1). Averages detected in 1997 positive samples were 0.185 ng OTA ml–1 wine (SD = 0.023) in white wine samples (n = 6) and 0.160 ng ml–1 (SD = 0.119) in the red wine samples (n = 11). These differences between contamination by OTA in the samples from the two different years were attributed to the different quality of the grapes, due to the bad climate in 1997. The possibility of the loss of the mycotoxin was excluded by the analysis of OTA in contaminated wine during 12 months. This study showed that OTA is stable in wine for at least 1 year.
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Keywords: FOOD ANALYSIS; HPLC; MYCOTOXINS; OCHRATOXIN A; STABILITY; WINES

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Food Science and Technology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Navarra, E-31008 Pamplona, Spain 2: Organic and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Navarra, E-31008 Pamplona, Spain

Publication date: November 1, 2002

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