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Effects of frozen storage on the recovery of clenbuterol from urine samples for official control

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The effects of storage under frozen conditions on clenbuterol recovery from spiked calf urine samples were studied. Urine samples contaminated with 10 µg l–1 clenbuterol and frozen at –15°C were analysed every 15 days over 6 months. A single frozen contaminated urine sample was also thawed every 15 days over 3 months for the analysis of 10-ml aliquots, after which the remaining portion was frozen again (–15°C). The presence of clenbuterol was determined by GC-MS. A gradual decline in clenbuterol recovery was observed from the first to the 180th day. It was only possible to recover 1.74 ± 0.06 µg l–1 (17%) clenbuterol on the 180th day in samples stored at –15°C. Likewise, clenbuterol totally disappeared from spiked urine samples that had been successively frozen and thawed over 3 months. The results were confirmed in a study performed on 2704 calf urine samples collected on farms and analysed by HPTLC and GC-MS. Of 73 positive samples, 61 had been frozen for <10 days.
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Keywords: BETA-AGONISTS; CLENBUTEROL; FROZEN STORAGE; STABILITY; URINE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratorio de Salud Pública de Lugo, Consellería de Sanidade e Benestar Social, Xunta de Galicia, Lugo, Spain

Publication date: November 1, 2002

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