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Content of ochratoxin A in paired kidney and meat samples from healthy Danish slaughter pigs

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In 1999, paired samples of kidney and meat were taken from 300 healthy Danish pigs and analysed for ochratoxin A. The concentrations of ochratoxin A in kidney ranged from 0 to 15 µg kg-1 (mean 0.50 µg kg-1, median 0.18 µg kg-1) and in meat from 0 to 2.9 µg kg-1 (mean 0.12 µg kg-1, median 0.03 µg kg-1). The data together with the Danish control data show that today the pig industry in Denmark has no problem keeping the content of ochratoxin A in pig at very low levels even in years with wet harvest conditions. The mean ratio 'content in meat/content in kidney' for paired samples was 39%. For kidney samples >1.0 µg kg-1, the mean ratio was 22%. The Danish control system for ochratoxin A in pig kidney established in 1978 can be regarded as a success because the levels in pig have been reduced substantially, and hence for the consumer the contribution from pig products to the total intake of ochratoxin A is very small compared with other sources.
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Keywords: FOOD CONTROL; OCHRATOXIN A; PIG KIDNEY; PORCINE NEPHROPATHY; PORK

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute of Food Research and Nutrition, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK-2860 Søborg, Denmark

Publication date: June 1, 2002

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