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A learning approach to the bandwidth multicolouring problem

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In this article, a generalisation of the vertex colouring problem known as bandwidth multicolouring problem (BMCP), in which a set of colours is assigned to each vertex such that the difference between the colours, assigned to each vertex and its neighbours, is by no means less than a predefined threshold, is considered. It is shown that the proposed method can be applied to solve the bandwidth colouring problem (BCP) as well. BMCP is known to be NP-hard in graph theory, and so a large number of approximation solutions, as well as exact algorithms, have been proposed to solve it. In this article, two learning automata-based approximation algorithms are proposed for estimating a near-optimal solution to the BMCP. We show, for the first proposed algorithm, that by choosing a proper learning rate, the algorithm finds the optimal solution with a probability close enough to unity. Moreover, we compute the worst-case time complexity of the first algorithm for finding a 1/(1–) optimal solution to the given problem. The main advantage of this method is that a trade-off between the running time of algorithm and the colour set size (colouring optimality) can be made, by a proper choice of the learning rate also. Finally, it is shown that the running time of the proposed algorithm is independent of the graph size, and so it is a scalable algorithm for large graphs. The second proposed algorithm is compared with some well-known colouring algorithms and the results show the efficiency of the proposed algorithm in terms of the colour set size and running time of algorithm.
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Keywords: bandwidth colouring problem; bandwidth multicolouring problem; learning automata; optimisation problem; vertex colouring problem

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Computer Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

Publication date: May 3, 2016

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