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Low-rank matrix completion and cellular automaton modelling for interpolation

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In this paper, we propose a low-rank matrix completion and cellular automaton model to effectively exploit the nonlocal inter-pixel correlation for image interpolation and enhancement applications. Different from tasks such as image denoising, in image interpolation and colour demosaicking, the many visually unpleasant artefacts (for example, ringing effects and zipper artefacts) are generally fine scale structures and lead to small singular values of the data matrix, and therefore, we propose to use L0-norm, instead of the relaxed L1-norm, to regularise the singular values so that the fine scale artefacts can be effectively removed without affecting the large-scale image edges. The entire framework can be applied for extended matrix arrangement. We also incorporate a cellular automaton model with inter-pixel correlations and extend it for image interpolation. Experimental results show that the proposed method produces reasonably good results as compared with state-of-the-arts in terms of both peak signal-to-noise ratio measure and subjective visual quality.
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Keywords: cellular automaton; image enhancement; matrix completion; matrix theory

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: College of Sciences, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding, Hebei, 071001, P.R. China

Publication date: March 4, 2015

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