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Using existential graphs to integrate mental logic theory and mental model theory

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There are two main theories as to how humans reason deductively. Mental logic theory states that humans reason through the application of formal reasoning schemas of the kind encountered in formal logic. Mental model theory states that humans reason through the construction, combination, and elimination of models compatible with the given information, and inspection of the models that remain. I propose that there exists a natural compromise between these two competing theories of reasoning.
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Keywords: Existential graphs; Mental logic theory; Mental model theory; Reasoning

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Rensselaer Reasoning Group, Department of Cognitive Science, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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