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Default logic and specification of nonmonotonic reasoning

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In this paper constructions leading to the formation of belief sets by agents are studied. The focus is on the situation when possible belief sets are built incrementally in stages. An infinite sequence of theories that represents such a process is called a reasoning trace. A set of reasoning traces describing all possible reasoning scenarios for the agent is called a reasoning frame. Default logic by Reiter is not powerful enough to represent reasoning frames. In the paper a generalization of default logic of Reiter is introduced by allowing infinite sets of justifications. This formalism is called infinitary default logic. In the main result of the paper it is shown that every reasoning frame can be represented by an infinitary default theory. A similar representability result for antichains of theories (belief frames) is also presented.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2001

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