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Evaluation of total grip strength and individual finger forces on opposing (A-type) handles among Koreans

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The present study evaluated the effect of grip span on finger forces and defined the best grip span for maximising total grip strength based on the finger forces and subjective discomfort in a static exertion. Five grip spans (45, 50, 55, 60 and 65 mm) of the opposing (A-type) handle shape were tested in this study to measure total grip strength and individual finger force among Korean population. A total of 30 males who participated in this study were asked to exert a maximum grip force with two repetitions, and to report the subjective discomfort experienced between exertions using the Borg's CR-10 scale. The highest grip strength was obtained at 45 mm and 50 mm grip spans. Results also showed that forces of all fingers, except for the middle finger force, significantly differed over the grip spans. The lowest subjective discomfort was observed in the 50 mm grip span. The results might be used as development guidelines for ergonomic opposing (A-type) hand tools for Korean population.
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Keywords: grip spans; individual finger force; opposing (A-type) hand tool; subjective discomfort; total grip strength

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Industrial Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea

Publication date: January 2, 2014

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