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Utility of stereoscopic displays for indirect-vision driving and robot teleoperation

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The effectiveness of an active shutter-glasses stereoscopic display (SD) and a passive polarised SD was evaluated in a live robot-teleoperation task and a simulated indirect-vision driving task in various terrains. Overall, participants completed their tasks significantly faster with the SDs in three-dimensional (3D) mode than with the SDs in the baseline 2D mode. They also navigated more accurately with the SDs in 3D mode. When the effectiveness of the two types of SDs was examined separately, results showed that the active shutter-glasses SD resulted in faster responses and task completion times than the passive polarised SD, though most of the differences failed to reach statistical significance. Perceived workload when interacting with the two SD systems did not differ significantly between the active versus passive display types or between the 3D and 2D modes of operation; however, participants reported more severe discomfort after interacting with the passive polarised SD.
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Keywords: human–robot interaction; indirect-vision driving; military; simulation; stereoscopic display; visual discomfort

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: U.S. Army Research Laboratory – Human Research & Engineering Directorate, Orlando, FL, USA 2: Design Interactive, Inc., Oviedo, FL, USA 3: The Merritt Group, Williamsburg, MA, USA

Publication date: January 2, 2014

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