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A structural equation modelling approach to predicting adoption of a patient-handling intervention developed for EMS providers

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Patient-handling tasks are integral to Emergency Medical Service (EMS) work as are the musculoskeletal injuries associated with these tasks. The aim of this study was to develop and test a structural equation model that describes the interactions between previously identified factors that contribute to the adoption of a specific ergonomics intervention designed for EMS work. EMS responders (n = 187), from six different organisations, participated in a 2-month longitudinal study following the introduction of a foldable patient transfer-board (slide-board) designed to assist with lateral patient transfers. Surveys administered at baseline, after 1 month and after 2 months sampled factors potentially influencing EMS responders' adoption decisions. Perceived ergonomics advantage, which was influenced by access and storage concerns and prior tool experience, contributed most strongly to intention to use at the end of the first month and to the emergence of champions, which contributed to the intention to use at the end of the second month.
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Keywords: Emergency Medical Service; ergonomics intervention; firefighter; injury prevention; intervention adoption

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Integrated Systems Engineering, The Ohio State University, 1971 Neil Avenue, Rm 210, Columbus, OH,43210, USA 2: College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA 3: School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA 4: Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2013

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