Exploratory retail studies in South Africa indicate that plus-sized women experience problems and dissatisfaction with poorly fitting bras. The lack of 3-D anthropometric studies for the plus-size women's bra market initiated this research. 3-D body torso measurements were collected
from a convenience sample of 176 plus-sized women in South Africa. 3-D breast measurements extracted from the TC2 NX12–3-D body scanner ‘breast module’ software were compared with traditional tape measurements. Regression equations show that the two methods of
measurement were highly correlated although, on average, the bra cup size determining factor ‘bust minus underbust’ obtained from the 3-D method is approximately 11% smaller than that of the manual method. It was concluded that the total bust volume correlated with the quadrant
volume (r = 0.81), cup length, bust length and bust prominence, should be selected as the overall measure of bust size and not the traditional bust girth and the underbust measurement.
Statement of Relevance: This study contributes new data and adds to the knowledge base
of anthropometry and consumer ergonomics on bra fit and support, published in this, the Ergonomics Journal, by Chen et al. (2010) on bra fit and White et al. (2009) on breast support during overground running.
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3-D body scanner;
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Life and Consumer Science,University of South Africa, c/o Christiaan de Wet and Pioneer AvenueFlorida, South Africa
Institute of Textiles and Clothing,The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China
Department of Textile Science,Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University and CSIR, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
September 1, 2011
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