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Phoning while driving II: a review of driving conditions influence

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The first paper examined how the variables related to driving performance were impacted by the management of holding a phone conversation. However, the conditions under which this dual task is carried out are dependent upon a set of factors that may particularly influence the risk of crash. These conditions are defined by several independent variables, classified into five main categories: i) legislation; ii) phone type (hands-free or hand-held); iii) drivers' features regarding age, gender, personal individual profile and driving experience; iv) conversation content (casual or professional) and its context (held with passengers or with a cell (mobile) phone); v) driving conditions (actual or simulated driving, road type, traffic density and weather). These independent variables determine the general conditions. The way in which these factors are combined and interact one with another thus determines the risk that drivers undergo when a cell phone is used while driving. Finally, this review defined the general conditions of driving for which managing a phone conversation is likely to elicit a high risk of car crash or, conversely, may provide a situation of lower risk, with sufficient acceptance to ensure safety.
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Keywords: cell phone; distraction; driving; review; sharing attention

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: CRIS EA 647 - Laboratory of Mental processes and Motor Performance, University of Lyon - Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, Villeurbanne Cedex, France 2: Renault Ergonomics and Human-Machine Interactions Department, Guyancourt, France

Publication date: May 1, 2010

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