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Recurrent non-specific low-back pain in adolescents: the role of exercise

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This study evaluated the efficacy of an exercise programme as an intervention for recurrent non-specific low-back pain (NLSBP) in adolescents. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with an experimental group (n = 27, age 14.6 years) who participated in an 8-week exercise programme and a matched control group (n = 27, age 14.6 years) who continued normal daily activities. All participants suffered from recurrent NSLBP. Pre and post intervention measures of NSLBP status (pain severity and consequences) and daily inactivity (time spent sitting, PC time, TV time) were reported in one week diaries. Two-way mixed ANOVA (independent variables: pre/post and experimental/control) was conducted for each dependent variable, significance was set at P < 0.05. Significant interaction effects were identified for the severity of pain, number of occasions missing sport due to NSLBP and amount of sport participated in. In each case the experimental group benefited from the exercise programme. In contrast, no significant interaction effects were observed for physical inactivity, both groups spent a similar amount of time sitting, watching TV and using a PC pre- and post- intervention. It was concluded that an exercise programme acted as an effective short-term treatment strategy for NSLBP in adolescents. Further evaluation is required to assess the long-term effectiveness.
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Keywords: Adolescents; Exercise programme; Low-back pain

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Sport and Exercise Research Group, Edge Hill College, UK,REACH group, Liverpool John Moores University, 2: Centre for Physical Education, Sport and Dance, Liverpool John Moores University,REACH group, Liverpool John Moores University, 3: Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, 4: Exercise Science Department, Syracuse University, New York, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2007

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