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Definition of sizes for the design of school furniture for Bogotá schools based on anthropometric criteria

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The current paper deals with the definition of sizes for the design of school furniture for schools in Bogotá, Colombia, based on an analysis of available anthropometric data on Latin American children. State-of-the-art anthropometric, national and international standards were considered, in order to define the anthropometric variables that were to be used for defining the furniture. Matrices relating age and specific anthropometric dimensions were constructed, as a visualization method for establishing the dimensional differences between children of the same age and the ranges that should be covered by the items of furniture. Dimensional data were grouped by establishing the minimum sizes and general dimensions of furniture needed to cover the 5-95th percentile of school children between the ages of 5 and 18 years. The distribution of the furniture in the different school grades was also indicated. Apart from the need for an adequate match between child anthropometry and school furniture dimensions, this study shows the importance of a proper distribution of furniture sizes in the different school grades, as a complementary and decisive aspect to be considered in order to meet the heterogenic, anthropometrical requirements of children of the same age and school grade.
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Keywords: Anthropometry of Latin-American children; Definition of sizes; Distribution of sizes; School furniture design; Visualization matrices

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Arts, School of Industrial Design, Human Factors and Ergonomics Laboratory, Ciudad Universitaria, National University of Colombia, Bogotá 2: Faculty of Arts, School of Industrial Design, Human Factors and Ergonomics Laboratory, Ciudad Universitaria, National University of Colombia, Bogotá,Ergofactos Ltd, Bogotá

Publication date: October 1, 2007

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