Forearm torque strengths and discomfort profiles in pronation and supination
This experiment investigated maximum forearm pronation and supination torques and forearm discomfort, for intermittent torque exertions in supine and prone forearm angles for the right arm. Twenty-two subjects participated in the study that comprised two parts, the first of which involved measurement of maximum forearm torque in both twisting directions at five forearm angles including neutral. This was followed by endurance tests at 50% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) in both directions. The second part of the study involved subjects performing 5-min duration of intermittent isometric torque exercises at 20% MVC in both directions at 11 forearm angles. Regression equations were developed that accurately predict torques as a function of forearm angle expressed as a percentage of maximum motion. Analysis of the discomfort data for the intermittent isometric torque exertions indicated that both forearm angle and twisting direction significantly affected forearm discomfort ( p ?0.001). A significant two-way interaction ( p ?0.01) was identified between forearm angle and direction for supine forearm angles only. The results provide important strength and discomfort models for the design of tasks involving static or repetitive forearm twisting. Such tasks have a strong association with forearm injuries including lateral and medial epicondylitis. These results provide needed data on the risk factors associated with these injuries so they can be prevented.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Ergonomics Research Centre, Department of Manufacturing & Operations Engineering, University of Limerick, Limerick, Republic of Ireland
Publication date: May 15, 2005