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Evaluation of training in patient handling and moving skills among hospital and home care personnel

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The aim of the study was to evaluate the training programme in patient handling and moving skills according to the Stockholm Training Concept. The evaluation focused on work technique, musculoskeletal problems, job strain and the experience of the person being transferred. The training programme consisted of two models of learning: traditional groups and quality circles. Fifty-one people employed at geriatric hospitals and in primary care, participated in the training programme. For the evaluation, the participants were video-recorded in one standardized transfer situation: moving the patient from bed to wheelchair, before and after the training. The participants' work technique during the patient transfer was assessed using seven items. A questionnaire covering individual factors, physical exertion, job strain, and musculoskeletal problems, was filled in by the participants before training and also six months after. The results showed improvements in six of the seven work technique items, directly after training. A decrease in the participants' physical exertion during transfers of patients from 'bed to chair' was shown six months after completion of the training programme. There was no significant decrease in the participants' musculoskeletal problems and job strain after training. Ninety-eight per cent of the participants were positive about having participated in the training. Training in patient handling and moving skills led to improved work technique. The participants improved their transfer technique and experienced less discomfort during the transfer, and patients experienced greater comfort and safety when being transferred.
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Keywords: EVALUATION; MUSCULOSKELETAL PROBLEMS; NURSING; NURSING PERSONNEL; PATIENT HANDLING; WORK TECHNIQUE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Box 286, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden 2: Swedish Work Environment Authority, Ekelundsvägen 16, SE-17184, Solna, Sweden

Publication date: October 1, 2002

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