Spine loading and trunk kinematics during team lifting
Two-person or team lifting is a popular method for handling materials under awkward or heavy lifting conditions. While many guidelines and standards address safe lifting limits for individual lifting, there are no such limits for team lifting, and these lifts are poorly understood. The literature associated with team lifting offers some interesting paradoxes. Many studies have indicated that people lift less per individual under team conditions compared with one-person lifting. Yet, at least one study has reported an increase in team-lifting capacity when subjects were height-matched. The current study explored the spine loading characteristics of one- and two-person lifting teams when subjects lifted under several sagittally symmetric and asymmetric conditions. Spine compression was lower for two person lifts for a given weight, while lifting in sagittally symmetric conditions whereas lateral shear became much greater for two-person lifts under asymmetric lifting conditions. This study has linked these changes to differences in trunk kinematic patterns adopted during one- versus two-person lifting.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 1999