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A comparison of risk assessment of single and combination manual handling tasks: 3. Biomechanical measures

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Anecdotal evidence suggests organisations experience difficulty assessing the risk in manual handling tasks. One reason for this difficulty may be that many common tasks are a combination of lift, lower, push, pull and carry tasks. No prior reports of attempts to assess the risk in combination tasks using biomechanical measures could be found. The aim of the study was to compare the risks assessed in single manual handling tasks with those in combination tasks. Nine male and nine female students performed combination and single handling tasks. The force applied by subjects to a box was recorded and, together with kinematic data on subject posture collected via video, used in a twodimensional dynamic model to estimate the lumbar compression force and lumbar shear force. The hand force, peak lumbar compression force and peak lumbar shear force for each combination task were each compared with the same variable for the single tasks which comprised the combination, using repeated measured analysis of variance with specific contrasts. In at least one of the twelve comparisons performed for each dependent variable, the combination task value was significantly different to the single task value. It is concluded that the risk in combination manual handling tasks can not be accurately assessed by using estimates based on biomechanical measures of single tasks.
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Keywords: HAND FORCE; LUMBAR COMPRESSION FORCE; LUMBAR SHEAR FORCE; MANUAL HANDLING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 1997

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