The goal of the present study was to determine if psychomotor speed is related to perceived performance. It was hypothesized that lower perceived performance was related to longer reaction times. A total of 85 measurements were taken in 26 varsity rowers (mean age 21.3 years, s=1.6) on five occasions over the course of the season. Perceived performance was measured with the “Reduced Sense of Accomplishment” scale of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire. Reaction times were measured with the finger pre-cueing task and with the action and reaction modes of the determination test. The complex structured data were analysed with multi-level modelling. Random intercept linear models showed that perceived performance was not related to reaction times on the finger pre-cueing task. Perceived performance significantly predicted reaction times on the action and reaction modes of the determination test. In rowers who were not selected for the team after completing two measurement sessions, this relationship did not exist in the action mode; deselection was a moderator. Thus, a significant relationship between reaction times on the determination test and perceived performance was observed. It was concluded that the determination test could be a useful tool to monitor rowers' responses to training, although several issues should be resolved before it can be used in practice.
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hierarchical linear model;
Document Type: Research Article
Center for Human Movement Sciences and University Center for Sport, Exercise and Health, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Netherlands
School of Sports Studies, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Groningen, Netherlands
September 1, 2008