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Use of Saponins as an Effective Surface Modifier in Cellulose Nanocomposites

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The present paper deals with the extraction of saponins from the pericarp of Sapindus mukorossi to use as compatibilizer in nanocomposites. The nanofibrils extracted from banana fibres are utilized as reinforcement of nanocomposite. These nanofibers were treated with Saponin, GPS (3-Glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane) and APS (3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane) to compare the effectiveness of surface treatment. The effectiveness of surface modification was reflected on the increase in mechanical (tensile test, flexural modulus, impact test) properties and decrease in the RMS (Roughness Measurement System) roughness investigation by SFM (Scanning force microscopy) analysis.
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Keywords: Banana nanofibres; nanocellulose; nanocomposites; saponins; surface modification

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Natural Resources, College of Agricultural Sciences,São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu,18610-307,São Paulo, Brazil 2: Department of Physics, Astronomy and Chemistry,Trent University, Peterborough,Ontario,K9J 7B8, Canada

Publication date: May 3, 2012

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