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PTEN-L puts a brake on mitophagy

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Mitophagy is a main type of selective autophagy, via which damaged mitochondria are selectively degraded via the autophagic pathway. The protein kinase PINK1 and E3 ubiquitin ligase PRKN are the most well studied regulators of mitophagy, via a feedforward mechanism involving ubiquitin phosphorylation (p-Ser65-Ub) and accumulation at the damaged mitochondria. However, it is unknown whether there is a protein phosphatase against PINK1-mediated phosphorylation of ubiquitin. We recently reported that PTEN-L, a newly identified PTEN isoform, is a novel negative regulator of mitophagy through dephosphorylation of p-Ser65-Ub. Our data demonstrate that a significant portion of PTEN-L localizes at the outer mitochondrial membrane and is able to prevent PRKN’s mitochondrial translocation, reduce the phosphorylation of PRKN, impair its E3 ligase activity as well as maintain PRKN in a closed/inactive status. Moreover, we found that PTEN-L dephosphorylates p-Ser65-Ub to disrupt the feedforward mechanism of mitophagy. Our findings suggest that PTEN-L acts as a brake in the regulation of mitophagy.

Abbreviations: ATR: alternatively translated region; CCCP: carbonylcyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone; DUBs: deubiquitinating enzymes; MFN2: mitofusion2; MS/MS: tandem mass spectrometry; mtDNA: mitochondrial DNA; MTS: mitochondrial targeting sequences; O/A: oligomycin and antimycin A; PINK1: PTEN induced putative kinase 1; PRKN/parkin: parkin RBR E3 ubiquitin protein ligase; PTEN: phosphatase and tensin homolog; PTEN-L: phosphatase and tensin homolog-long; Ub: ubiquitin; USP: ubiquitin-specific proteases; YFP: yellow fluorescence protein.

Keywords: Mitophagy; PRKN; PTEN-L; phosphatase; ubiquitin

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physiology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 2: School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China

Publication date: November 2, 2018

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