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On the lookback option with fixed strike

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The lookback option with fixed strike in the case of finite horizon was examined with help of the solution to the optimal stopping problem for a three-dimensional Markov process in [P. Gapeev, Discounted optimal stopping for maxima in diffusion models with finite horizon, Electron. J. Probab. 11 (2006), pp. 1031–1048]. The purpose of this paper was to illustrate another derivation of the solution in [P. Gapeev, Discounted optimal stopping for maxima in diffusion models with finite horizon, Electron. J. Probab. 11 (2006), pp. 1031–1048]. The key idea is to use the Girsanov change-of-measure theorem which allows to reduce the three-dimensional optimal stopping problem to a two-dimensional optimal stopping problem with a scaling strike. This approach simplifies the discussion and expressions for the arbitrage-free price and the rational exercise boundary. We derive a closed-form expression for the value function of the two-dimensional problem in terms of the optimal stopping boundary and show that the optimal stopping boundary itself can be characterized as the unique solution to a nonlinear integral equation. Using these results we obtain the arbitrage-free price and the rational exercise boundary of the option.
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Keywords: American lookback option; Primary 91G20, 60G40; Secondary 60J60, 35R35, 45G10; finite horizon; fixed strike; nonlinear integral equation; optimal stopping; parabolic free-boundary problem

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: School of Mathematics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester,M13 9PL, UK

Publication date: May 4, 2014

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