Comparison of criteria used to access carcinogenicity in CPANN QSAR models versus the knowledge-based expert system Toxtree
The primary goal of this study was to describe and compare the criteria used to assess carcinogenic activity. The statistically-based predictive quantitative structure–activity relationship (QSAR) models based on the counter propagation artificial neural network (CPANN) algorithm, and knowledge-based expert systems based on a decision tree structural alert (SA) approach (Toxtree application), were considered. The integration of the QSAR (CPANN models) and SAR (Toxtree SA application) approach contributed to the mechanistic understanding of the QSAR model considered. The mapping technique inherent to CPANN Kohonen enables us to relate the similarities or dissimilarities within a congeneric set of chemicals with particular SAs for carcinogenicity. The focus of our investigations was the similarities and dissimilarities of the features used in the QSAR and SAR methods. Due to the complexity of the carcinogenic endpoint, the integration of different approaches allows the models to be improved and provides a valuable technique for evaluating the safety of chemicals.
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