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QuEChERS sample preparation followed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography – tandem mass spectrometry for rapid screening of dioctyl sulfosuccinate sodium salt in avian egg tissue

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A quantification method was developed for the determination of dioctyl sulfosuccinate sodium salt (DOSS) in avian egg samples based on a QuEChERS extraction technique followed by UPLC-MS/MS analysis. DOSS is an anionic surfactant that is part of the Corexit® 9500 dispersive mixture that prevents the formation of oil slicks on water bodies. It was extensively used when the Deepwater Horizon rig exploded and a large amount of crude oil was released into the Gulf of Mexico. QuEChERS provided a simple, effective and time saving sample preparation method prior to analysis without reducing analytical sensitivity and became an excellent substitute to lengthy traditional extraction methods. Weak anionic exchange cleanup significantly reduced matrix effects and improved analyte sensitivity. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography provided an effective separation method, while MS/MS provided the necessary selectivity and increased sensitivity. Our method achieved baseline separation of DOSS, surrogate (sodium octyl sulfate – d17) and the internal standard (sodium dioctyl sulfate – d25), with limits of detection (LOD) and limits of quantitation (LOQ) for DOSS being 260 and 500 pg/mL, respectively. Quality control recoveries were 70.5 ± 7.3% (mean ± standard deviation, n = 3) for the laboratory control sample and 72.4 ± 4.9% (n = 3) for the matrix spike. The extraction efficiency was monitored by adding surrogate compound to every sample with recoveries of 104.6 ± 14.1 for SDS-d1 and 81.8 ± 6.8 for SOS-d17. Currently, limited peer reviewed scientific data are reported on the effects of oil dispersants on the environment. Our analytical method for the determination of DOSS in avian egg matrix can be used to provide reliable data on the fate and effects of DOSS in biological systems.
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Keywords: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill; QuEChERS; UPLC – MS/MS; dioctyl sulfosuccinate sodium salt (DOSS); weak anionic exchange SPE cartridges

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Center for Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA

Publication date: September 26, 2014

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