The present paper describes the feasibility of on-line preconcentration of nickel ions from aqueous medium on Ni(II)-imprinted cross-linked poly(methacrylic acid) (IIP) synthesised through a double-imprinting method and their subsequent determination by FAAS. The proposed method consisted
in loading the sample (20.0 mL, pH 7.25) through a mini-column packed with 50 mg of the IIP for 2 min. The elution step was performed with 1.0 mol L−1 HNO3 at a flow rate of 7.0 mL min−1. The following parameters
were obtained: quantification limit (QL) – 3.74 µg L−1, preconcentration factor (PF) – 36, consumption index (CI) – 0.55 mL, concentration efficiency (CE) – 18 min−1, and sample throughput – 25 h−1.
The precision of the procedure assessed in terms of repeatability for ten determinations was 5.6% and 2.5% for respective concentrations of 5.0 and 110.0 µg L−1. Moreover, the analytical curve was obtained in the range of 5.0–180.0 µg L−1
(r = 0.9973), and a 1.64-fold increase in the method sensitivity was observed when compared with the analytical curve constructed for the NIP (non-imprinted polymer), thus suggesting a synergistic effect of the Ni(II) ions and CTAB on the adsorption properties of the IIP.
The practical application of the adsorbent was evaluated from an analysis of tap, mineral, lake and river water. Considering the results of addition and recovery experiments (90.2–100 %), the efficiency of this adsorbent can be ensured for the interference-free preconcentration of the
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Ni(II)-imprinted cross-linked poly(methacrylic acid); preconcentration;
Document Type: Research Article
Departamento de Química, Centro de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL), Londrina, Brazil
Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (Unioeste), Marechal Cândido Rondon, Brazil
Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (Unioeste), Toledo, Brazil
August 9, 2014
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