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Ultrasensitive immunoassay of microcystins-LR using G-quadruplex DNAzyme as an electrocatalyst

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An electrochemical immunoassay for microcystin-LR (MC-LR) detection was developed using multi-labeled horseradish peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrocatalyst for signal amplification. CNTs were covalently conjugated to multiple DNAzyme along with MC-LR for a competitive immunoassay. The as-prepared DNAzyme/CNTs/MC-LR biolabel was specifically captured on the electrode surface, and current responses were obtained upon the electro-catalytic reduction of hydrogen peroxide by the captured biolabels. Under optimal conditions, the electro-catalytic current decreased linearly with the increase amount of MC-LR in the range from 0.01 to 7.0 µg L−1. The linear regression equation was I (µA) = 12.96 − 1.48 X [MC–LR] (µg L−1), with a correlation coefficient of 0.989. The limit of detection of MC-LR was 2.31 ng L−1. Application of the immunoassay method and LC/MS/MS method for MC-LR determination on spiked reservoir water gave recovery range of 91.7–105.2% and 94.0–105.0%, respectively. The resulting versatile immunoassay exhibited high sensitivity, good precision and satisfactory reproducibility, which could have vast potential in routine water quality monitoring for various environmental toxins.
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Keywords: DNAzyme; Microcystin-LR; carbon nanotube; electrochemical immunoassay

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering (Ministry of Education, China), School of Environmental Science & Technology, Dalian University of Technology, No.2 Linggong Road, Ganjingzi District, Dalian City, 116024, P. R. China

Publication date: August 9, 2014

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