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Electrochemical studies of determination of C.I. Direct Red 80 based on a gold nanoparticles-modified carbon paste electrode

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In this paper, a simple, convenient and sensitive electrochemical method has been developed for the determination of C.I. Direct Red 80. A gold nanoparticle modified carbon paste electrode was fabricated and used for study and sensitive determination of Direct Red 80 by cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. The overall analysis involved a two-step procedure: an accumulation step under open-circuit conditions, followed by voltammetric measurements of Direct Red 80 in a 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution at pH = 3.0. The experimental conditions, such as the medium, pH and accumulation time, were optimised. The oxidation peak current was proportional to the concentration of Direct Red 80 from 5.0 × 10−8 to 5.0 × 10−7 M and 5.0 × 10−7 to 3.0 × 10−6 M, and the detection limit was 1.15 × 10−8 M (S/N = 3). The proposed method was used to detect Direct Red 80 in natural water and sewage with good accuracy.
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Keywords: Direct Red 80; carbon paste electrode; determination; gold nanoparticles; voltammetry

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Analytical Chemistry,Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan, I. R. Iran

Publication date: October 15, 2012

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