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Stochastic resonance algorithm applied to quantitative analysis for weak liquid chromatographic signal of pyrene in water samples

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The phenomenon of stochastic resonance (SR), which was discovered in recent years, rendered an entirely new way for the detection of weak signals, and it has been widely studied in many different science fields. This phenomenon is manifest in nonlinear systems whereby a weak signal can be amplified when the noise, signal and nonlinear system attain the proper cooperation. The introduced algorithm was employed to detect pyrene in drinking water samples with solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography. The weak chromatographic peak of the analyte was amplified significantly, and the profiles of the peaks were also satisfactory. The limit of detection and the limit of quantification were improved from 0.022 ng mL-1 and 0.08 ng mL-1 to 0.004 ng mL-1 and 0.01 ng mL-1, respectively. The results showed an excellent quantitative relationship between concentrations and chromatographic responses. It is expected that the SR will be an effective tool to detect weak chromatographic peaks quantitatively in trace analysis.
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Keywords: PAHs; pyrene; stochastic resonance; water sample; weak signal

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, Nanjing Xiaozhuang University, Nanjing 210017, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China 2: Department of Chemistry, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China 3: Center for Instrumental Analysis, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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