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A ratiometric fluorescent probe for zinc ions based on the quinoline fluorophore

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A ratiometric fluorescent zinc probe 1 of carboxamidoquinoline with a carboxylic acid group was designed and synthesised. Probe 1 exhibits high selectivity for sensing Zn2+; about a 13-fold increase in fluorescence emission intensity and an 82 nm red-shift of fluorescence emission are observed upon binding Zn2+ in EtOH/H2O (1 : 1, V/V) solution. The ratiometric fluorescence response is attributed to the 1 : 1 complex formation between probe 1 and Zn2+ which has been utilised as the basis for the selective detection of Zn2+. The analytical performance characteristics of the proposed Zn2+-sensitive probe were investigated. The linear response range covers a concentration range of Zn2+ from 2.0 × 10-6 to 5.0 × 10-5 mol L-1 and the detection limit is 2.7 × 10-7 mol L-1. The determination of Zn2+ in both tap and river water samples shows satisfactory results.
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Keywords: fluorescent probe; quinoline; ratiometric; zinc ions

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China,College of Pharmacology, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450008, China 2: State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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