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Determination of anionic surfactant in surface water by resonance light-scattering technology

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A sensitive and rapid method, without any extraction procedure, for the determination of the anionic surfactant expressed in the terms of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) by the resonance light scattering (RLS) technique is described in this paper. In the pH value 3.0 Britton-Robinson (BR) buffer, Victoria blue B (VBB) reacted with SDBS and produced large particles which resulted in the remarkable enhancement of the RLS intensity of VBB. The enhanced RLS intensity of the assay system was proportional to the concentration of SDBS in the range of 0.08-3.0 mg L-1 and the correlation coefficient was r = 0.9996. The detection limit was 0.013 mg L-1. This method was applied to determine the anionic surfactant in the surface water samples and satisfactory results were obtained. The reaction mechanism was also studied and the interaction between VBB and SDBS was mainly governed by electrostatic effect and the - stacking effect.
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Keywords: Victoria blue B (VBB); anionic surfactant; resonance light scattering (RLS); sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS)

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, Shantou University, Shantou 515063, China 2: Medical College of Shantou University, Shantou 515031, China

Publication date: January 1, 2010

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