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A simple method of boron determination in mineral waters using Victoria blue 4R

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The reaction of the tetrafluoroborate anion with Victoria blue 4R (VB4R) reagent was investigated, and a new, simple, rapid and sensitive method was developed for the spectrophotometric determination of boron. The method is based on the reaction of boric acid with fluoride, which forms the tetrafluoroborate anion, and that is followed by the extraction of  [image omitted] with VB4R into benzene and subsequent spectrophotometric detection. The optimum conditions for the conversion of boron to tetrafluoroborate anion as well as for complex formation and extraction of  [image omitted] with VB4R were found. The molar absorptivity of the investigated complex is 9.6 × 104 L mol-1 cm-1 at 610 nm. The absorbance of the coloured extracts obeys Beer's law in the range 0.03-0.55 mg L-1 of B(III). The limit of detection calculated from a blank test (n = 10; P = 0.95) based on 3 s is 0.02 mg L-1 of B(III). Under appropriate extraction conditions, the majority of metals (excluding probably tantalum and some others) did not form extractable fluoride complexes with VB4R. Therefore, the presence of small quantities of metals should not interfere with the determination of boron in the presence of a sufficient surplus of fluoride. Exceptions, however, are metal ions such as Sn(IV), Ti(IV), Sn(II), Zr(IV), Hg(II), Hg(I), Tl(I), etc., which strongly hydrolysed under experimental conditions. Some anions formed complexes with the cation of VB4R and are easily extractable using benzene. Examples of such ions are  [image omitted], I-, SCN-, Br-, bromate, chlorate, iodate and perrhenate. These anions strongly interfere with boron determination and therefore must first be extracted with VB4R before boron determination. The boron must then be converted to  [image omitted] and extracted with VB4R into benzene for determination. The Cl-,  [image omitted],  [image omitted], CH3COO- and  [image omitted] anions are extracted in very small amounts or not at all, and do not interfere with boron determination. The reaction mechanism was also discussed. Quantum chemical calculations were carried out for VB4R, and the optimised molecular structure and atomic net charges were calculated. The possible position of the protonation of VB4R as well as the possible position for dipole-ion interaction (associate building) between the reagent and the  [image omitted] anion was predicted. The method was used for the determination of boron in commercial brand mineral waters.
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Keywords: Victoria blue 4R; boron; determination; mineral waters; spectrophotometry

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, College of Nyiregyhaza, Hungary 2: Department of Analytical Chemistry, P.J. Safarik University in Kosice, Slovak Republic 3: Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary 4: Department of Physical Chemistry and Material Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary,Institute for Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Technical University of Vienna, Austria 5: Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, University of Debrecen, HU-4010 Debrecen, Hungary

Publication date: January 1, 2009

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