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Application of factorial designs for optimisation of on-line determination of cadmium, lead and nickel in welding fumes by atomic absorption spectrometry

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A flow-injection flame atomic absorption spectrometric method using diluted nitric acid and ultrasound energy to assist metals acid leaching from welding fumes was optimised. Several variables were simultaneously studied by applying a Plackett-Burman design. Results showed that the statistically significant variables (95%) were concentration of nitric acid solution for cadmium, lead and nickel, ultrasonic water-bath temperature for lead and nickel, and sonication time for nickel. Factors such as ultrasonic water-bath temperature and sonication time were finally optimised by using a central composite design. Detection limits were 0.1, 1.0 and 3.4 µg m-3, and repeatability (n = 11) were 3.2, 1.9 and 1.6%, for cadmium, lead and nickel, respectively. The proposed method was applied to the determination of cadmium, lead and nickel in welders' workplace environments.
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Keywords: acid leaching; air analysis; cadmium; flow analysis; lead; nickel

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Bromatology, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Publication date: July 1, 2008

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