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Determination of trace chromium(VI) by an inhibition-based enzyme biosensor incorporating an electropolymerized aniline membrane and ferrocene as electron transfer mediator

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A novel inhibition-based glucose oxidase (GOx) biosensor for environmental chromium(VI) detection is described. An electropolymerized aniline membrane has been prepared on a platinum electrode containing ferrocene as electron transfer mediator, on which GOx is cross-linked by glutaraldehyde. The mechanism of the redox reaction on the electrode and the performance of the sensor are studied. The sensor's response to glucose decreases when it is inhibited by chromium(VI), with a lower detection limit of 0.49 µg L−1, and the linear response range is divided into two parts, one of which is 0.49-95.73 µg L−1 and the other is 95.73 µg−1 to8.05 mg L−1. The enzyme membrane is shown to be completely reactivated after inhibition, retaining 90% activity over more than forty days. Interference to chromium(VI) determination from lead(II), copper(II), cadmium(II), chromium(III), cobalt(II), tin(II) and nickel(II) is found to be minimal, while high concentrations of mercury(II) and silver(I) may interfere with the determination of trace chromium(VI). The sensor has been used for chromium(VI) determination in soil samples with good results.
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Keywords: Biosensor; Chromium(VI); Ferrocene; Glucose oxidase; Inhibition; Polyaniline

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Environmental Science and Engineering Hunan University Changsha 410082 P.R. China 2: State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics Hunan University Changsha 410082 P.R. China

Publication date: August 1, 2004

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