Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mangrove sediments: comparison of two internal standard surrogate methods and quality-control procedures
Two internal standard surrogate (ISS) methods, ISS-1 (with m-terphenyl as a single ISS) and ISS-2 (using five deuterated PAHs as a multi-ISS), for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in mangrove sediments were compared. The recovery percentages of 16 PAHs except naphthalene in HS-6 (a certified reference material) were high, ranging from 69.3 to 111.8% for ISS-1 and from 71.8 to 120.3% for the ISS-2 method. Similarly, the PAH recovery percentages in spiked mangrove sediments and clean sand were lower for ISS-1 than for ISS-2, but both methods met the accurate acceptance criteria for PAH recoveries. The reproducibility (i.e. the method precision) between the two ISS methods was also comparable and satisfactory, with relative standard deviation values in most cases within 20% of the data variability. These results indicate that both ISS methods were acceptable for the determination of PAHs in mangrove sediments, despite the fact that the matrix of mangrove sediments may interfere with the PAH recovery efficiency.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 2004