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Ranking and classification of non-ionic organic pesticides for environmental distribution: a qsar approach

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The partitioning of pesticides into different environmental compartments depends mainly on the physico-chemical properties of the studied chemical. To rank pesticides according to their distribution tendency in various media, we propose a combination of two multivariate approaches: Principal Component Analysis and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis. In such explorative methods we take into account physico-chemical properties like the organic carbon partition coefficient (K oc), the n-octanol/water partition coefficient (K ow), water solubility (S w), vapour pressure (VP) and Henry's law constant (H), being the more relevant to the determination of environmental partitioning.

The 54 studied pesticides of various chemical categories are thus ranked in 4 a priori classes according to their environmental behaviour (sorbed, soluble, volatile and non-volatile/medium class) and finally assigned to the defined four classes by different classification methods (CART, K-NN, RDA) using theoretical molecular descriptors. This QSPR approach allows a rapid indication of the environmental distribution of pesticides starting only from their molecular structure.
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Keywords: CART; Classification; Clustering; PCA; Pesticides; QSPR

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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