This article reviews work on predators encountering prey simultaneously in a fine-grained environment. Such a study seems timely, as despite the fact that simultaneous encounters abound in nature, research on sequential encounters still predominates. After reviewing relevant models of optimal foraging theory, I comment on experiments that involved simultaneous encounters. Unfortunately, these studies are so diverse that any conclusive statement supporting the theory is still premature. Studies of population-dynamic consequences of optimal foragers facing simultaneous encounters are briefly presented. This area awaits more extensive theoretical research. I also touch on the future of optimal foraging theory in general and work on simultaneous encounters in particular.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Theoretical Biology, Institute of Entomology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, and Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of South Bohemia, České Budějovice,Czech Republic
Publication date: January 1, 2003
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