Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Effects of Recess Length on Discharge Coefficients of Swirl Coaxial Injectors

Buy Article:

$60.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

An experimental study has been performed to investigate the effects of the recess length on the discharge coefficients of swirl coaxial injectors. Liquid oxygen and kerosene (Jet A-1) were burned in a range of mixture ratios (1.97–3.31) and chamber pressures (43–80┬ábar) in small liquid rocket thrust chambers. Each thrust chamber was equipped with 19 liquid–liquid swirl coaxial injectors. While changing the recess length of the injectors, static pressure, temperature, and flow rate data were collected and analyzed to calculate the discharge coefficient. The discharge coefficients obtained from hot-firing tests are compared with those from cold-flow tests. Operating conditions such as oxidizer-to-fuel mixture ratio and chamber pressure have some influence on the discharge coefficients. The recess length of the injectors significantly affects the discharge coefficients in the hot-firing tests, but not in the cold-flow tests. The results show that the longer recess length gradually reduces the discharge coefficients. Especially when the liquid oxygen film collides with the kerosene film inside the fuel nozzle, the discharge coefficients of the outer fuel-side injectors decrease more remarkably than those of the inner oxidizer-side. It is thought that the flame anchored inside the recessed region in the swirl coaxial injector confines propellant flows, and the internal mixing of propellants strongly disturbs the outer fuel flow. Since the discharge coefficient is directly related to the injection pressure drop, the effects of recess length on discharge coefficients must be carefully considered when designing liquid–liquid swirl coaxial injectors.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Discharge coefficient; Recess length; Swirl coaxial injector

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Combustion Chamber Department,Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea

Publication date: March 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more