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The first turbulent combustion arises in a hot-big-bang cosmological model (Gibson, 2004) where nonlinear exothermic turbulence permitted by quantum mechanics, general relativity, multidimensional superstring theory, and fluid mechanics cascades from Planck to strong-force freeze-out scales with gravity balancing turbulent inertial-vortex forces. Interactions between Planck scale spinning and non-spinning black holes produce high Reynolds number turbulence and temperature mixing with huge Reynolds stresses driving the rapid inflation of space. Kolmogorovian turbulent temperature patterns are fossilized as strong-force exponential inflation stretches them beyond the scale of causal connection ct where c is light speed and t is time. Fossil temperature turbulence patterns seed nucleosynthesis, and then hydro-gravitational structure formation in the plasma epoch, (Gibson, 1996, 2000). Evidence about formation mechanisms is preserved by cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature anisotropies. CMB spectra indicate hydro-gravitational fragmentation at supercluster to galaxy masses in the primordial plasma with space stretched by ∼ 10 50 . Bershadskii and Sreenivasan (2002, 2003) CMB multi-scaling coefficients support a strong turbulence origin for the anisotropies prior to the plasma epoch.
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Keywords: astrophysics; combustion; cosmology; turbulence

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Departments of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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