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Polyoxometalates entrapped in sol-gel matrices as electron exchange columns and catalysts for the reductive de-halogenation of halo-organic acids in water

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Halo-organic acids in aqueous solutions are widespread pollutants. An enormous number of technologies have been proposed for their elimination. In this context, reducing electron exchange columns seem to be an optimal solution for their degradation, as they do not introduce any new chemical into the solution to be purified. The electron exchange columns used in this study consist of entrapped polyoxometalates (POMs) in silica sol-gel matrices that were used as the reducing medium for the reductive de-halogenation of Br3CCO2 , Cl3CCO2 , BrCH2CO2 and ClCH2CO2 . The same matrices were also applied as catalysts for the reduction of the investigated halo-acetates by BH4 . Surprisingly, the results indicate that the mechanisms of de-halogenation of Br3CCO2 , Cl3CCO2 , BrCH2CO2 and ClCH2CO2 differ from each other.
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Keywords: Polyoxometalate; de-halogenation mechanisms; halo-acetic acids; sol-gel; water treatment

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemical Sciences, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel; 2: Department of Chemical Engineering, Sami Shamoon College of Engineering, Beer-Sheva, Israel; 3: Department of Chemistry, Nuclear Research Centre Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; 4: Department of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Materials, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel

Publication date: October 2, 2018

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