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Molecular design of supramolecular polymers with chelated units and their application as functional materials

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This article summarizes the basic concepts and synthetic strategies leading to various types of supramolecular polymers with chelated units, including linear, branched, cross-linked, and heterometallic polymers. Particular attention is paid to such new synthetic approaches to supramolecular polymers as hierarchical and orthogonal self-assembly based on a combination of metal–ligand interaction with hydrogen bonds and host–guest interactions. Metallosupramolecular polyelectrolytes, supramolecular polymer gels, self-assembled metallosupramolecular monolayers, and supramolecular metal chelate dendrimers are analyzed. The stimuli-responsive, self-healing, and shape memory supramolecular polymers with chelated units are considered. The bibliography includes articles published over the past five years.
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Keywords: AFM:atomic force microscopy; AIE: aggregation-induced emission; DHP: dihexadecyl phosphate; DP: degree-of-polymerization; EDTA: ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; G: dendrimer generation; HEEDTA: hydroxyethyl ethylenediaminetriacetic acid; HOPG: highly oriented pyrolytic graphite; HQ: 8-hydroxyquinoline; IDA: iminodiacetate; ITO: indium-tin oxide; L: ligand; LbL: layer-by-layer; M: metal; MCD: metal chelate dendrimer; MEPE: metallosupramolecular polyelectrolyte; MLCT: metal-to-ligand charge transfer; MOC: metal-organic cage; MSP: metallosupramolecular polymer; MSPG: metallosupramolecular polymer gel; Mebip: 2,6-bis(1'-methylbenzimidazolyl) pyridine; Metallosupramolecular polymers; NIPAM: N-isopropylacrylamide; P3HT: poly (3-hexylthiophene); PAA: poly (acrylic acid); PEG: poly (ethylene glycol); PEO: poly (ethylene oxide); PIC: polyion coacervate; PLA: polylactide; PS: polystyrene; Pp: porphyrin; Py: pyridine; SAM: self-assembled monolayer; SEC: size-exclusion chromatography; SEM: scanning electron microscopy; SMASH: shape memory assisted self-healing; SRB: sulforhodamine; STM: scanning tunneling microscopy; TEM: transmission electron microscopy; THF: tetrahydrofuran; bpy: 2,2'-bipyridine; btp: 2,6-bis(1,2,3-triazole-4-yl) pyridine; en: ethylenediamine; functional materials; hierarchical self-assembly; metal chelates; orthogonal self-assembly; phen: 1,10-phenanthroline; pybox: pyridine-bis(oxazoline); tpy: 2,2′,6′,2′′-terpyridine; β-CD: β-cyclodextrine

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation 2: Laboratory of Metallopolymers, The Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics RAS, Chernogolovka, Russian Federation

Publication date: May 3, 2018

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