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Potentialities of methoxyfenozide for the integrated management of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on cotton in Benin, West Africa

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Intensive use of chemical insecticides against Helicoverpa armigera has led to the development of resistance to the major chemical families of insecticides. Consequently, management of H. armigera using conventional chemical insecticides is increasingly difficult. Methoxyfenozide is an agonist of the insect moulting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone that acts faster than chitin synthesis inhibitors. The present work is aimed to assess the effectiveness of methoxyfenozide for use against H. armigera on cotton in Benin, West Africa. Laboratory tests and field experiments have been carried out. For laboratory studies, topical application of methoxyfenozide was done using L2 and L5 instar larva of H. armigera. Tested methoxyfenozide concentrations varied from 24 μl/ml to 144 μl/ml and the control is water only. For field experiments, a complete randomised block design was used with methoxyfenozide (72  μl/ml) and a control (no spraying). Berthoud Ultra Low Volume sprayer was used to spray methoxyfenozide suspension at 60-l per hectare. Two sprays were applied, 7 days apart. Laboratory tests indicated that 24 h after application of methoxyfenozide, about 100% of treated L2 and L5 larva were morbid or dead compared with 0% for the control larva. There are no significant differences between tested concentrations. Morbid larvae died within 2 days. In field experiments, cotton yield harvested on methoxyfenozide treated plants was double of that obtained on untreated plants (9375 kg and 4875 kg per hectare respectively). Thus methoxyfenozide may be used as component of Integrated Pest Control Programme on cotton in Benin, West Africa.
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Keywords: Helicoverpa armigera; cotton; integrated pests management; methoxyfenozide

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratoire d'Entomologie Appliquee, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, Universite d'Abomey-Calavi, Atlantique, Benin, Africa

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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