Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Cadmium body burden of the Swiss population

Buy Article:

$60.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Urinary cadmium (Cd) excretion was measured within a representative Swiss collective. With a median of 0.23 µg/24 h (n = 1409) and the 95th percentile at 0.81 µg/24 h, no increased health risk for the general non-exposed population was identified. The independent variables Age, BMI and Smoking habit had a significant effect on urinary Cd excretion. No association was found with the region of residence and sex. A subsample comparison between 24-h and spot urines of the same subjects (n = 90) did not reveal an evident concentration difference for both creatinine-adjusted sample types. Dependencies on age and gender were observed for creatinine, which consequently impacts on the creatinine normalisation of urine samples.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: 24-h urine; Switzerland; creatinine; excretion; urinary cadmium

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office, Risk Assessment Division, Bern, Switzerland 2: Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland 3: Service of Nephrology and Hypertension, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland

Publication date: August 3, 2015

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more